MORE MEN THAN WOMEN DEVELOP CANCER OF THE STOMACH
Stomach cancer is one of the malignant tumor diseases and represents about 7% of all cancers. Although the number of gastric cancer cases has continued to decline over the past decade, according to the German Cancer Registry Data Center, a total of 15,140 people developed gastric cancer in Germany in 2015.
Men are twice as likely to get gastric cancer as women. On average, men get sick at age 75 and women at 78.
Definition and stages of gastric cancer
Stomach Cancer Definition
Gastric carcinoma is a malignant tumor of the stomach. It emanates from the gastric mucosa.
Stomach cancer develops in stages and can grow in different ways. Therapy depends on the stage and type of growth.
Classification By Level
Early carcinoma: In the early stages, stomach cancer is limited to the lining of the stomach (mucosa) and the layer of tissue between the lining of the stomach and the muscle layer (submuscosa). The muscle layer (muscularis) is not yet affected.
Advanced gastric carcinoma: Advanced gastric carcinoma has a greater depth of penetration
CLASSIFICATION BY TYPE OF GROWTH
Type of intestinal growth: the carcinoma grows towards the stomach like a cauliflower
Diffuse growth type: Carcinoma grows early in the stomach wall
Stomach Cancer Presents Only Complications At The Beginning
Stomach cancer often develops unnoticed at first and shows hardly any clearly identifiable symptoms. carcinoma is only noticeable through various symptoms in the advanced stage. These include, for example:
drop in performance
Sensation of pressure in the upper abdomen.
aversion to meat
Possible symptoms of metastases (settlements) in the brain, bones, liver or lungs
Causes of gastric cancer
Pre-Existences Increase Risk
The causes of gastric cancer have not yet been fully investigate. Researchers have found that several pre-existing conditions increase the risk of developing stomach cancer.
Diagnosis of suspected gastric carcinoma
Different Diagnostic Methods
If gastric carcinoma is suspected, the diagnosis is usually made by imaging gastroscopy (gastroscopy) with simultaneous tissue removal (biopsy). The tissue samples are examined histologically for tumor tissue. In addition, additional tests are performed to determine the extent of the tumor.
Prognosis in gastric cancer
Predictions Are Often Not Favorable
In the case of gastric cancer, the chances of survival are comparatively poor. In 2011, the 5-year survival rate, which describes the chance of survival over the next 5 years, was 33%. Also, In contrast, the 5-year survival rate for early-stage cancer is about 90%.
gastric cancer therapy
Therapies For Gastrocarcinoma
Handling of gastric cancer depends on the stage of the individual case. The following measures use:
Removal of the stomach (total gastrectomy)
Partial removal of the stomach.
Surgical connection of the stomach and small intestine (gastroenterostomy)
Feeding tube (fine catheter jejunostomy)
Prevent Stomach Cancer Through A Healthy Eat
Nutritionists recommend an adequate supply of vitamins C and E through regular high consumption of fruits and vegetables as share of a healthy diet to prevent stomach cancer.